RAWFILL: supporting a new circular economy for RAW materials recovered from landFILLs

Project Summary

The focus of RAWFILL is on the solid waste sector in the North-West Europe region, with a concentration on landfills and relevant institutions responsible for waste and landfill management in the region. In order for landfill mining to be widely implemented in the North-West Europe region several barriers need to be overcome. Up to now, there has been no general or standard framework for developing enhanced landfill inventories that would allow public authorities and/or private sector partners to make economically informed decisions about launching a landfill mining project for a given landfill site. Furthermore, traditional landfill exploration methods – i.e. methods to assess the viability of a landfill mining project for a given site – are prohibitively expensive as they require costly analysis of multiple excavated waste samples. Cheaper methods, such as geophysical methods, to obtain a rough idea of the economic potential of a given landfill are therefore required (as promoted by RAWFILL). The current lack of reliable, coherent and affordable data about the economic resource recovery potential of a landfill (quantities, qualities and economic indicators related to the value of materials) is thus a major challenge. Furthermore at the aggregate level only very few regions in North-West Europe have some kind of a comprehensive overview of the potential of their landfills. The few existing inventories (e.g. Flanders, with its 2.260 landfills and Walloon region with its 3.500) do not include suitable datasets that would allow investors to robustly assess the opportunity to launch profitable landfill mining operations for a specific landfill site. The second major obstacle, which is the direct result of the former, is the lack of reliable decisions and prioritization tools that can be used in the North-West Europe region. Hence, there is no common approach to select the high potential landfill mining projects, thereby inhibiting the North-West Europe landfill mining market from development.

  1. RAWFILL offers an evidence-based methodology (including innovative landfills characterization by geophysical imaging and guided sampling) promoting the standardization of enhanced landfill inventories in North-West Europe, in order to support, through its multicriteria decision support tool, new business models taking into account the resource recovery potential of landfills.
    RAWFILL addresses these shortcomings:
    • an enhanced framework for private/regional/national/transregional landfill inventories, taking into account a reliable way to estimate the economic potential of the landfills
    • an innovative approach using the most modern combinations of geophysical methods to complete any set of missing mandatory economic data (landfill geophysics)
    • a decision support tool allowing prioritizing landfills in order to determine the most
    • economically viable landfill mining projects to be implemented at regional/transregional level.

  2. The project envisages investments in geophysical surveys, sampling and financial feasibility studies for 2 pilot landfill locations. The insights from these investments will be used for demonstration and dissemination purposes.

  3. RAWFILL impacts positively at different levels:
    • The expected immediate impact is the direct benefit for landfill owners & managers in the regions as they will profit from revenues generated by the recovered materials from landfills. Project partners will already benefit during implementation from the development and the application of the methodology. The public authorities can use the prioritisation tool to improve their regional landfill policy.
    • A second level is related to the dissemination of results by cooperation with overarching platforms/projects such as EURELCO through topic groups and education.
    • Finally, the ultimate impacts (benefits) are the more efficient use of resources, the decrease of the level of environmental pollution, the reduction of socio-economic disparities as well as job creation.

Project Partners

Lead partner

Organisation Address Email Website
Société Publique d'Aide à la Qualité de l'Environnement 13 Avenue Maurice Destenay
c.neculau@spaque.be www.english.spaque.be
Name Contact Name Email Country
Openbare Vlaamse Afvalstoffenmaatschappij Eddy Wille ewille@ovam.be Belgium
Bergischer Abfallwirtschaftsverband Pascal Beese-Vasbender pbv@bavmail.de Germany
SAS LES CHAMPS JOUAULT Simon Loisel champsjouault@gmail.com France
Université de Liège Frederic Nguyen f.nguyen@uliege.be Belgium
Natural Environment Research Council Jonathan Chambers jecha@bgs.ac.uk United Kingdom
Cleantech Flanders/VITO Alain Ducheyne alain.ducheyne@vito.be Belgium
ATRASOL Renaud De Rijdt renaud.derijdt@gmail.com Belgium


RAWFILL is one of the three flagship EU projects of EURELCO (European Enhanced Landfill Mining Consortium). The EURELCO newsletter combines news about its flagship EU projectes (RAWFILL, NEW-MINE and COCOON), ELFM and the EURELCO members. Receive the latest updates about RAWFILL and subscribe to our newsletter here.

Read the latest newsletters:

08/2019 RAWFILL: Video on mid-term event (Cuves)

01/2019 RAWFILL midterm event 'recovering raw materials from landfills' - March 28, 2019 (France)

11/2018 Workshop at Pollutec 2018

07/2018 Interreg selected RAWFILL for site visit at annual meeting

04/2018 Third steering committee

02/2018 Working group on landfill policy

05/2017 RAWFILL kick-off event on June 7 in Liège

04/2017 EU Interreg RAWFILL project approved


Enhanced Landfill Inventory Framework


Decision support tool (DST)




Cost benefit analysis


Business Model


Environmental and social assessment


RAWFILL Pilot site - Meerhout (Belgium)


RAWFILL Pilot site - Les Champs Jouault (France)


RAWFILL Additional Pilot Sites

RAWFILL Lessons learned and recommendations


RAWFILL Project Partner's Presentation

Presentation about the project concept: purpose and challenges 

Presentation about partner SPAQuE 

Presentation about partner OVAM 

Presentation about partner BAV 

Presentation about partner SAS Les Champs Jouault 

Presentation about partner University of Liège 

Presentation about partner NERC 

Presentation about partner i-Cleantech Vlaanderen 

Presentation about partner ATRASOL 


ELIF software v.1.15

Decision Support Tool 1 - Cedalion v.1.3

Decision Support Tool 2 - Orion


RAWFILL infographic

RAWFILL infographic


RAWFILL e-learning tool

RAWFILL e-learning tool platform


RAWFILL Landfill Miner Guide

Rawfill Landfill Miner Guide


Good practice guide for strategic orientation study and for remediation project related to landfill 

RAWFILL Good practice Guide


RAWFILL Final Presentation Files:

1. RAWFILL - The contribution of RAWFILL to the valorisation of LF ressources - C. Neculau

2. RAWFILL -Landfills: threats and opportunities measured through ELIF - R. De Rijdt

3. RAWFILL - What is the future of landfills in NWE -CEDALION - E. Wille

4. RAWFILL - Orion-1 - E. Wille

5. RAWFILL - Orion-2 - C. Isenborghs

6. RAWFILL- workflow for LF characterization using geophysics and targeted sampling -C. Inauen

7. RAWFILL - Presentation of Interreg NWE- M. Mori

8. RAWFILL - End Of Waste - D. Dimitriescu

9. RAWFILL - Landfill mining - Y. Tielemans

10. RAWFILL - Mining waste recycling -_L. Machiels

11. RAWFILL - Ecological restoration of ONOZ site_- Students from DA SMAP Lille

12. RAWFILL - Applying the Brownfield Opportunity Matrix to landfills -_P. Bardos

13. RAWFILL - MCA for LFM concept_- G.Sauve

14. RAWFILL - How to develop a business case for a LFM project -_J. Fellner & E. Wille

15. RAWFILL_- Upcycling plastics recovered from landfill - S. Wagland

16. RAWFIL L- Logistics in Wallonia -_L.Genot

17. RAWFILL - Landfill reclamation driven by Land Use Change - D. Scott

18. RAWFILL - Réhabilitation de l'ancienne décharge de Bordes - L. Marchand


Transport cost simulator

Door-to-door cost simulator


RAWFILL Flyer - Decision Support Tools

RAWFILL Flyer - Decision Support Tools


RAWFILL workshop at Sardinia 2021

1. Overview of the RAWFILL project

2. Stepwise Decision Making on landfill valorisation

3. HADESS Methodology

4. Cost and benefit analysis of the HADESS methodology

5. Landfill Miner Guide - Presentation

6. Lessons learned and recommendations based on the 4.5 yr project experience

Share this

Tweet Share