A selection of 11 case studies which successfully dealt with insurance issues for reused building materials. A synthesis suggests guidelines for best practices. Version: September 2023. Available in EN, FR. Targets: Building developers, contracting authorities, architects, contractors, insurers, etc. Read More
FCRBE - Facilitating the circulation of reclaimed building elements in Northwestern Europe
Today in NW-Europe, only 1% of building elements are reused following their first application. Although a large number of elements are technically reusable, they end up being recycled by crushing or melting, or disposed. The result is a high environmental impact and a net loss of economic value.
This project aims to increase by +50%, the amount of reclaimed building elements being circulated on its territory by 2032.
Focusing on the northern half of France, Belgium and the UK, the project also covers, with a lesser intensity, the Netherlands, Ireland, the rest of France and Luxembourg. This area houses thousands of SMEs specialised in the reclamation and supply of reusable building elements. Despite their obvious potential for the circular economy, these operators face significant challenges: visibility, access to important projects and integration in contemporary building practices. Today, the flow of recirculated goods stagnate and may even decrease due to a lack of structured efforts.
To respond appropriately to these challenges, the project sets up an international partnership involving specialised organisations, trade associations, research centres, an architecture school and public administrations. It is rooted in earlier initiatives that were successfully initiated, on a local level.
Old Rectory Studio Ashford Road
20 Avenue des Arts
23 Kleine Kloosterstraat
Scientific and technical Center for Building
4 avenue Jean Jaures
Champs sur Marne
86C/3000 Avenue du Port
University of Brighton
Mithras House Lewes Road
60 Boulevard de la Villette
City of Utrecht
Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology
5 Avenue des Hauts-Fourneaux
Delft University of Technology
1 Mekelweg 1
2628 CD Delft
58 rue Prévinaire
58 rue Prévinaire
|Salvo Ltd||Thornton Kayfirstname.lastname@example.org||United Kingdom|
|Embuild||Lara Pérez Duenasemail@example.com||Belgium|
|Scientific and technical Center for Building||Sylvain Laurenceaufirstname.lastname@example.org||France|
|Brussels Environment||Corinne Bernairemail@example.com||Belgium|
|University of Brighton||Duncan Baker-Brown||D.Bakerfirstname.lastname@example.org||United Kingdom|
|City of Utrecht||Merel Limbeekemail@example.com||Netherlands|
|Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology||Bruno Domangefirstname.lastname@example.org||Luxembourg|
|Delft University of Technology||Ad Straubemail@example.com||Netherlands|
Download page for the guides: "Le réemploi en pratique: de la déconstruction jusqu'à la remise en œuvre". The guides are available in French, Dutch and English, and are dedicated to six specialised trades: General contractors, Finishing, Wood workers, Roofers, Demolishing companies and contractors specialised in infrastructure. Version: September 2023. Read More
These four reports form a set that addresses various aspects related to recovery and reuse rates. These documents are intended for project owners, public authorities, and any organization involved in setting, monitoring, and reporting on recovery and reuse rates in construction and renovation projects for buildings and outdoor developments (such as roads and landscaping). The four documents are as follows: Setting, Monitoring, and Reporting on Recovery and Reuse Rates in Construction Projects: A Common Approach. It establishes the necessary definitions and presents the key methodological aspects for addressing the issue of reuse and recovery rates. Post-analysis of 32 Construction and Renovation Projects: Results and Discussions. This document provides a calculation and analysis of the reuse rates achieved in a sample of 32 recently completed projects. 32 Detailed Project Sheets: Information on Projects, Reuse Rates, and Reused Elements. This document complements the project analysis. It provides detailed results for each analyzed project in terms of its specific characteristics. It also offers a more in-depth overview of the nature and quantity of materials that were able to be reused within these projects. Live tests. Report on 4 operations using reuse targets. It reports on live tests which explored how to implement reuse rates in various procurement procedures. Read More
As part of the closing of the FCRBE project, a number of feedback webinars are being organised! Register now! Read More
A look back at the "Reuse meetings", took place on 8 and 9 June 2023 in Rennes. The two-day event brought together around fifty people from all over France to discuss a range of issues raised by reuse today. Read More
At the end of April, the FCRBE project landed in Brussels for a seminar organised on 26 and 27 April in Brussels. Here's a look back at two fascinating days. Read More
As part of the writing of reuse manuals for specific trades of contractors, the FCRBE partners Embuild and Buildwise organise in Brussels a series of workshop in two languanges, French and Dutch, to gather different professionals of the construction industry and recover feedback from the field. This second workshop will take place on 18 april and will adress the important issue of technical specifications and responsabilities. Read More
This training aims to answer questions that contractors may have when salvaging materials, as well as when reinstating them. In addition to the practical aspects, the presentation will cover collaboration, technical requirements and responsibilities. This training will be give once in French and once in Dutch in Brussels by our partner Buildwise. Read More
As part of the writing of reuse manuals for specific trades of contractors, the FCRBE partners Embuild and Buildwise organise in Brussels a series of workshop in two languanges, French and Dutch, to gather different professionals of the construction industry and recover feedback from the field. The first workshop will take place on 14 march and will adress the important issue of cooperation and synergies. Read More
Download the guide : A roadmap to foster reuse practices in the construction sector. In English, Dutch and French . Read More
Contracting authorities, building developers, architects and other building professionals will find here a series of tools and methods to implement reuse actions in their projects:
Reclamation audit method
How to identify reusable materials in a building scheduled for demolition. Version: December 2022. Available in EN, FR and NL. Targets: building developers, contracting authorities, architects, contractors, etc.Go to the download page
Guidebook on procurement strategies
How to integrate reuse ambitions in the tendering procedures of construction and renovation projects (including for public tenders). Version: February 2022. Available in FR, NL and EN. Targets: building developers, contracting authorities.Go to the download page
Collection of material sheets
36 sheets covering a wide range of materials: how to reclaim and reuse them, what are their known characteristics, how available are they on the market, what are their environmental benefits... Version: December 2021. Available in FR, NL and EN. Targets: specifiers, architects, contractors...Go to the download page
Practical guides for contractors
Six guides on reuse for specialised trades: general contractors, finishing companies, woodworkers, roofers, demolishers and infrastructure contractors. Version : September 2023. Available in FR, NL, EN.Go to the download page
Reuse objectives method
Method to set, measure and report on reuse objectives in tenders, project implementation and public policies. Available in EN, FR. Targets: building developers, contracting authorities and policy makers.Go to the download page
Insurance for reused building materials: good practices
A selection of 11 case studies which successfully dealt with insurance issues for reused building materials. A synthesis suggests guidelines for best practices. Version: September 2023. Available in EN (soon), FR. Targets: Building developers, contracting authorities, architects, contractors, insurers, etc.Go to download page
Finding professional reclamation and salvage dealers in North West Europe
The FCRBE project has documented more than 1.000 companies, mostly SMEs, dealing in reclaimed and salvaged building materials. The results are available on two online directories:
Resources for reuse
Reusing building materials may raise a series of questions. To tackle them, the FCRBE project has developed a series of resources:
7 shorts introduction to the world of reuse. These booklets cover the following topics: environmental impact, technical performances, material surface treatments, the product or waste issue, roadmap for public policies, urban stocks, fashion for reclamation. Version : November 2021. Available in FR, EN and NL.Go to the download page
Yours Truly Reclaimed - The new label for authentic reclaimed products
The new Truly Reclaimed label verifies that a product or batch of material is genuinely reclaimed. The campaign helps customers distinguish Truly Reclaimed from new products that are made to resemble the old. Discover trulyreclaimed.org and the futuREuse community to support your journey in using the label.Trulyreclaimed.org
A roadmap to foster reuse practices in the construction sector
A collection of inspiring actions for public authorities and policy makers who wish to encourage the reuse of building materials in their area. Languages: EN, FR, NL.Download the Roadmap
A statistical survey of the reclamation trade in Ireland, the UK, France, Belgium and the Netherlands
Profiles, socio-economic impact and quantity of materials stocholded by professional reclamation and salvage dealers in the project area. Forthcoming...Download Report
Methodology for measuring and extrapolating reclamation stockholdings
This document sets out ways in which the environmental benefit of reclaimed building material can be assessed and measured by extrapolation from known data. It complements the statistical survey of the reclamation trade carried out during the project.Download the methodology
Reuse in Green Building Frameworks
To demonstrate their commitment towards sustainable building, developers can use different labels, certifications and guidelines. How do these frameworks reward reuse strategies? What are the best practices in this context? Version: November 2021. Available in EN.Download report
Review of existing pre-demolition tools, policies and resources
A state of the art of the recent developments in policies, tools and literature regarding the best practices for conducting pre-demolition audits and managing reusable resources. Version: September 2019. Available in EN.Download report
Yours Truly Reclaimed - The report
A global report on the design, launch, implementation and long-term perspectives of the Truly Reclaimed labelling scheme. Discover trulyreclaimed.org and the futuREuse community to support your journey in using the label.Download the report
Reuse in Environmental Impact Assessment tools
Designers are increasingly required to use modelling tools to assess the environmental impact of their projects. How do these tools integrate reuse? What are the best practices in this context? Version: November 2021. Available in EN.Download report
Training program to conduct reclamation audits
A training program for construction professionals. Available in NLGo to the download page
Feedback from the field
Findings from 36 pilot operations carried out as part of the project. Version : November 2021. Available in EN. Targets: building developers, contracting authorities, architects, contractors...Go to the pilots page
Digital Tools for Reuse
Contracting authorities, building developers, architects and other building professionals are developping different digital tools to help and foster reuse practicies.
Digital Tools Report
How digital tools could facilitate the task of auditing buildings for assessing the reuse potential of their components (reality capture, scanning technologies, artificial intelligence, BIM...).DOWNLOAD REPORT
4 articles that summarize the report on digital tools that foster the reuse of construction materials in the building sector.Read the articles
The project aims to develop an innovative digital decision support system, integrating various digital tools that helps to define the most sustainable and economical deconstruction and reuse strategy for building.Go to the Website
Videos to raise awareness on reuse
A collection of three videos to promote reuse in the construction industry:
Reuse of building elements: - will it soon be the norm in Europe ?
Reuse of building elements, who to call on? part 1
Reuse of building elements, who to call on? part 2
Webinaire réemploi et assurances : retours d'expérience et synthèse des travaux
Versions in FR and NL and with different subtitles options are available on our Youtube channel.
On Tuesday 20 June, a special study trip took place about the reuse of building materials in public space projects. The study trip was organized especially for local authorities and their partners within the province of Utrecht. This study trip took part in the context of the FCRBE (Facilitating the Circulation of Reclaimed Building Elements) Interreg NWE project, that aims to increase the circulation of reused building elements in North West Europe by 50% by 2032. The aim of the study trip was to inspire other local authorities in Utrecht with good practices on reuse, and inform them on how to stimulate reuse through integration in call for tenders.
Reuse meetings took place on 8 and 9 June 2023 in Rennes. The two-day event brought together around fifty people from all over France to discuss a range of issues raised by reuse today. Between visits to places dedicated to the circular economy, round-table discussions with reuse dealers and a presentation of the FCRBE project, they provided an opportunity for rich exchanges between public contracting authorities, specifiers and players in the field of reuse.
Mobile exhibition in Brussels - as part of the final event
We are very happy to officially announce the dates of the final event of the FCRBE project!
You can already book two dates in your agenda :
An exhibition on the reuse of building materials is currently taking place at the ULB Museum of Architecture in Brussels!
Don’t miss the first workshop on the development of a roadmap to stimulate reuse practices in the construction sector!
This workshop is an opportunity to actively contribute to the development of a list of actions and recommendations to encourage reuse practices in the construction sector!
An exhibition on the reuse of building materials is currently taking place at La Maison du Zéro Déchet in Paris !
2021/05/10-26: Depot Live Show(s), a two-weeks online event dedicated to reclaimed materials businesses in NWE, Paris/Online
From May 10th to 26th will take place the Depot Live Show(s), an online event dedicated to reclaimed materials businesses aiming to showcase their activity among professionals and stakeholders in the field of construction in NWE. Two conference times will introduce and conclude a two-weeks web flow of resellers portraits and interviews to bring to light project opportunities, linking supply and demand, to foster the circulation of reclaimed building materials, being one of the main FCRBE project objectives.
The FCRBE guides has been tackled during a Workshop organized by the Reuse Platform here in Brussels on the pre-demolition inventaries. The objectives of this event were to understand where the actors in the construction industry stand in the implementation of
inventories with the aim of reusing building materials in their projects and to understand the obstacles they've met during its realization. This discussion also took place in order to define the
place of this reuse-inventory in the framework of waste-related inventories.
The FCRBE manuals are not presented in details during this workshop. The organisers of this event assumed that the participants were professionals already familiar with these tools.
On 14 February, members of FCRBE project participated to the inspiration day of another Interreg NWE project, CHARM « Circular Housing Asset Renovation & Management ». Both projects have a very similar scope, although each with a different focus and a different target group.
During CHARM Inspiration Day at Kamp-C in Westerlo (Belgium), we had the opportunity of presenting FCRBE project : Emmanuel from Rotor briefly presented an overview of the project and Susie, also from Rotor, gave a short explanation of the upcoming « Guide to facilitate the integration of reclaimed building materials and products » during the workshop of the afternoon.
Find all the details of this meeting and all presentations on the following links :
Depot Live Show(s) (May 2021)
A two-week-long online event aimed at gathering together reclaimed materials dealers and other project stakeholders such as contractors, building owners, architects, in order to focus and exchange on the challenges of reuse in the construction sector. The recordings of the sessions (in French) are available on the link below.Recordings of the sessions
Digital School of Re-construction (SoR-c) (August 2021)
A ten-day international digital summer school hosted by the School of Architecture and Design at the University of Brighton.Description of completed programme
FCRBE Final event (November 2021)
A 2-days event to present the results of the project (2018-2021). The event took place in Brussels and was broadcasted online. All presentations can be found in the link below.Final event presentations
Mobile exhibition (ongoing)
The mobile exhibition sheds light on the reclamation industry in NWE. Through reclaimed materials samples, videos of inspiring projects, pictures and interactive hands-on, it fosters the adoption of reuse practices in the construction sector.
The mobile exhibition has been showcased at different events:
- Urban Insight Lab Brussels, Belgium (Sept-Oct 2023)
- Maison du Design, Mons, Belgium (Feb 2023)
- Petite Maison, Luxembourg (Dec 2022-Feb 2023)
- Architecture festival, Warsaw, Poland (August 2022)
- Institute of Design in Kielce, Poland (May-June 2022)
- Construcity.brussels, (Nov-Dec 2021)
- Brussels-Environment, for the FCRBE final event (Nov. 2021)
- Entrance hall of the Faculty of architecture of the UCL-LOCI, Brussels (Oct. 2021)
- Library of the Faculty of Architecture of the ULB, Brussels (June 2021)
- Maison du Zéro Déchet, Paris (May 2021)
- Waste Build Online (Jan 2021)
The exhibition is available for touring. Its design makes it easily adaptable to different locations and configurations.
Contact us for booking: firstname.lastname@example.org
During the project, 37 pilot operations have been carried out by the project partners. Each operation was taking place in an ongoing building project. They aimed at fostering the reclamation and/or reuse of batches of building materials.
These operations were also a way to support external organisations to adopt reuse habits and get acquainted with the project’s newly-developed tools and methods. In total, these operations made it possible to reclaim 140 tonnes of building materials for future reuse, and to reuse 186 tonnes in construction and renovation projects all over North West Europe.
Two types of pilot operations have been carried out:
- extraction: reclaiming batches of reusable building elements from buildings scheduled for demolition.
- integration: enabling the reuse of building materials at different phases of ongoing construction and renovation projects (brief, design, tendering process, execution of the works...).
This page offers an overview of all the pilot operations (it can also be downloaded in pdf here: Download full report (10MB). For each of them, a detailed report is also available.
A decommissioned industrial site to be reanimated into a lively neighbourhood
This site, formerly dedicated to various industrial activities, will be brought back to life to host a neighbourhood with a high social and programmatic diversity. The site developers have a high target regarding circular economy issues and aim at using as much materials from the former buildings to be demolished into the new ones.
How to take into account the site history wherein seemingly homogenous buildings were actually built and modified at different periods with different materials ? How to ensure that the inventory reflects this reality in order to estimate the actual quantity of materials that can be reused ? How to implement this issue into the deconstruction process ?
BRUSSELS - BE - 2021 – Public procurement - Project Size : XL
Interreg FCRBE partner : CCBC
Project Owner : SLRB
Project Manager : noAarchitecten
A tram workshop as a basis to develop a company-wide practice
This former tram workshop, owned by the Brussels public transports company STIB, is to be refurbished for mixed purposes, with mainly technical, sanitary and heating equipment to be evacuated. The loose schedule with works starting in 2024 enables to explore various potential solutions for the reuse of these materials and to take the time to learn from the experience to replicate the process on future works on other sites.
Is there a potential for internal reuse for the specific technical equipment ? How to find potential buyers or recipients for the equipment which cannot be reused internally ? How to transform the knowledge and experience from a pilot operation into a company-wide practice applied on all refurbishment projects ?
BRUSSELS - BE - 2021 – Public procurement
Project Size : L
Project Owner : STIB
Citydev's Design & Build procurement for the development of GREENBIZZ II. The goal is to encourage bidders to take the initiative, integrating reclaimed building materials in the project beyond a pre-determined minimum.
mplementation of the strategy to include minimum reuse requirements in the call for tenders and awarding extra points for tenders that exceed this minimum, while making use of targeted (specific) objectives within the context of a Design & Build contract.
BRUXELLES - BE - 2021 - MARCHÉ PUBLIC
Project Size : +- 4500 M2
Type of procurement : Public
Interreg FCRBE partner : Bruxelles Environnement with support of BBRI
Project Manager : Citydev
Learning through comparison
This industrial warehouse is to be deconstructed with the intent to have as much construction materials circulated as possible. An inventory was already established by a reuse operator. The double goal for this pilot was to compare the results from the operator with an inventory performed with the FCRBE, and to have the project owner experiment the method for future use on other sites.
How to make the FCRBE methodology relevant compared with the practical way of working from an experienced operator ? What are the opportunities when the project owner and the project contractor are both subsidiaries from the same group ?
BRUSSELS - BE - 2021 - Private procurement
Project Size : M
Project Owner : BPI
Reuse operator : Batiterre
Describing an unknown batch in a work contract
Joint work contract between Brussels Environment and the municipality of Koekelberg for the renovation and extension of an existing pavilion. The goal is to integrate one or more batches of reclaimed construction products in the work contract.
Implementation of the strategy of adapting a standard technical clause to the particularities of reuse for a construction product replicable in Brussels Environment’s future developments. Implementation for a batch of interior design materials.
Reclaimed tiles for floor covering.
BRUSSELS - BE – 2021(22) - Public procurement
Project size : +/- 300 m²
Picture credits: V+
Contributing to heritage conservation in new housing
In the context of the construction of modern and comfortable flats on a century-old industrial site (Delwartcement plant), analysis of the possible reuse of materials existing on site, in particular bricks and natural stone elements. Carrying out an inventory and making integration proposals.
To identify and integrate reuse elements in a large-scale real estate project, led by a "Bouwteam" bringing together the promoter, the project designers and the demolition and construction companies. Quickly identify reusable brick batches in a building that has undergone numerous transformations and adaptations over the last century, with variations in materials and methods used.
TOURNAI – BE – 2021 – Private
Project size : L
Interreg FCRBE partner: Confédération Construction withsupport of BBR
Associate partner: BAM GALERE
Project owner: DukaImmo
Architect : Atelier d'architecture Meunier-Westrade srl
Reuse scenarios of elements from a football stadium that has existed for more than 80 years and is part of the cultural and social heritage of the city. A new stadium will be built out of town in order to meet new standards and minimise disturbance. The current stadium has been extended and converted many times and is made up of a large amount of materials from different periods of time.
The city of Charleroi is not certain about the future of the stadium. The assessment of potentially reusable materials allows the involvement of stakeholders and provides a tool that can be used by the city to establish specifications for the design of a future project on the site or in the neighbourhood, in line with the revitalisation of the city.
CHARLEROI – BE – 2021
Project Size: L
Late adaptation of the tender specifications to introduce on-and off-site reuse
As part of the renovation of “Société Wallonnedu Crédit Social” head office, adaptation of the tender specifications in order to give to the successful bidder an obligation to reuse some materials from the site, whether on or off site. Carrying out an inventory and adaptation of the tender documents.
With the late introduction of reuse ambitions, successfully engaging the architects and changing their initial approach to the project. Highlight the potential for reuse in a building that at first glance does not lend itself to it, andadapt the tender specifications in a verry short timeframe to allow companies to submit an offer accordingly.
CHARLEROI – BE –2021 –Public
Project size: S
Project owner: Société Wallonne du Crédit Social
Assistant to the project owner : Intercommunale pour la Gestion et la Réalisation d'Etudes Techniques et Economique
Late introduction of reused elements in the context of a constrained public tender.
Increase of the re-use rate in the context of the transformation and extension project of an office building owned by the Public Service of Wallonia, Department of Agriculture, Branch of Malmédy. Preservation of the existing building structure and construction of new buildings to significantly increase the capacity, comfort and accessibility of the offices.
The project was developed without the ambition of reuse. The search for ways to extract and reuse materials on site, or to integrate elements available on the market, comes late in the process. It is necessary to find a way to concretise this new ambition, in a rather constrained public market context, and although the potential for reuse on site seems low.
MALMEDY – BE - 2021 - Public
Project size: S
Project Owner : SPW
Upgrading of 3 social housing apartments
AGSL renovates 3 studio apartments with a limited budget in a social housing apartment complex at Fonteinstraat. In cooperation with the architect, reuse possibilities of the available materials were looked for in order to integrate them in the project of renovation. Insulation and ventilation is foreseen for the complex and 3 different approaches were planned for the apartments: from Low key to High key, based on the intensity of the spatial redesign and the reuse intensity.
How to create a quality home responding to today's standards with a limited budget? How to find sites where to reuse the extracted materials of very low value? How to take into account the existing structure, technical equipment and facade of the apartment complex? How to respond to the ambitions of the developer and architects regarding circular economy within the economic constraint?
LEUVEN - BE - 2021 - Public procurement
Project Size : Small
Feasebility study of reuse of bricks and roof tiles
Social housing organization De Ideale woning is demolishing 28 houses. The houses will make way for a park, but after a few years new social housing and private houses will be built within a new complex. The houses were built in different periods and are in poor condition. The amount of material is high but the quality of the bricks is uncertain.
Is it interesting for the developer to carefully disassemble, stock the materials for a long period of time, test their quality and recondition them in order to reuse them in the new buildings? Can these materials pass the quality tests and offer the same guarantee as new ones? Can all these operations compete with the very low price of new materials? How to take into account the uncertainty of the future site planning?
LINT - BE - 2021 - Public procurement
Project Size : L
Project Owner : De Ideale woning
Project Manager : De Ideale woning
Dismantling company : Van Loo Projects
Kantoorinrichting en materialen herbestemmen
Een kantoorcomplex wordt gerenoveerd tot nieuwe woningen en multifunctionele ruimten. Voor de materialen die nu nog in het gebouw zitten, zoeken we samen met de project ontwikkelaar naar nieuwe bestemmingen binnen hun eigen projecten en het vinden van outlets; herverdelers, scholen
De grote hoeveelheden van specieke materialen, maakt het interessant om ze in andere projecten van Democo (in de regio) in te zetten. Timing en kosten en het vinden van de juiste (onder)aannemers is een uitdaging. Voor andere materialen (in goede conditie) is het lastig de geïnteresseerden te vinden.
EVERE - BE – 2021/22 - Private
Project Size : XL
Project Owner : Democo
Reuse operator : Democo
Renovation buildings of the former institute of Pathology and surgery
The renovation of the buildings of the former institute of Pathology and surgery is part of a large redevelopment project of the city of Leuven. The historical archive of UZ Leuven will turn the buildings into a museum. Together with the head contractor Resiterra we searched for outlets for the materials in good
A large variety of materials with reuse potential: Tiles, sinks, radiators, glass bricks ... for which finding a reseller or outlet in the area tended to be very difficult. Timing: The renovation/ demolition had to accelerate because of the world championship cycling passing.
LEUVEN - BE - 2021 - Public procurement
Project Size : XL
Project Owner : Resiterra
Project Manager : Resiterra
Dismantling company : Aclagro
Same-site reuse in historic public town hall
Lendlease employed the FCRBE project in becoming a testbed opportunity to disseminate material reuse across the company portfolio. Itaims to shape a reuse strategy to indoctrinate widespread reuse practices, future proof existing reclaimed material stock and regulate material circularity between its building projects.
Lendlease highlighted that contractor resistance and uncompromising programming were prevalent challenges that impact the regular use of reclaimed materials across their building portfolio. It was, therefore keen to explore suitable reclamation pathways for identified materials and with the support of the dealer network and FCRBE toolkit, look to same-site and inter-site reuse wherever possible.
Brick, steel, timber
MANCHESTER - UK - 2021
Project Size : XL
Type of procurement : Public
Interreg FCRBE partner : SALVO
Project Owner : Manchester City Council
Project Manager :Lendlease
Reuse driving the design on residential project
A domestic renovation project where architect and property owner David Kohn sought a radical approach to reclaiming building materials and was happy for reuse to drive forward the design.
DKA was committed to making Spencer Rise an exemplar project to expand the practice’s interest and experience in reclaiming traditional and modern building materials. The challenge was to overcome the logistical barriers and learn how to navigate the reclamation trade.
LONDON - UK - 2021/22 - PRIVATE
Project Size : S
Interreg FCRBE partner : SALVO
Project Owner : David Kohn Architects
Project Manager : David Kohn Architects
Reuse operator : Multiple London Dealers
Dismantling company : n/a
Creative bonding with reclaimed bricks for a new private house
As an alternative to the use of new materials, Studio Bark architects opted for reclaimed bricks to clad the façade of a Londonian private house. These bricks are largely available on the reclamation market and were integrated into the design process
Finding the right type of reclaimed brick and how to install it.
Materials involved - Bricks
London - UK - 2021 - Private procurement
Project Size : 87 sqm - FCRBE partner : Rotor asbl -
Project Owner : private - Project Manager : Studio
Bark- Brick supplier: London Reclaimed Brick
Merchants - Contractor: ASAP Construction
Talking reuse with a large real estate company
About - As part of a refurbishment project in London, real estate company Grosvenor brought together different consultants to study reuse possibilities. Their findings have been communicated to the designers. The consultants pursued their research and enlarged their scope to include more general questions about reuse in the construction industry. They shared their results through guidebooks and webinars.
Challenges - Introduce a major real estate developer to the reuse of building materials.
Guide design offices and consultants in their research. Start from a small-scale project to think about how to implement large-scale strategies.
Materials involved - Bricks, steel structure, roof slates, cast iron radiators, floor tiles, wooden floors.
London - UK - 2021 - Private procurement
Project Size : 400m2 - FCRBE partner : Rotor asbl
Project Owner : Grosvenor Consultants, architects and engineering offices: Arup - Orms - Elliott Wood - HETA - ReLondon
Dismantling interior elements of an office building for off-site reuse
(Photo credit: Benoit Florenco)
Interacting with a demolition contractor to reclaim building elements
About - This operation explored how to step in a building site stripping to reclaim construction elements : by subcontracting with the demolition company, with a free site access to dismantle specific batches, or by organizing the collect of building elements dropped by the contractor. Each procedure leaded to different ways of reuse : donation, sales and internal reuse.
Challenges - Organizing the access to the materials without being formally involved.
Materials involved - partition walls (glazed and solid ones), doors, suspended ceilings, lights, tilt and turn windows, sanitaries, steel radiators, furniture.
Rennes - FR - 2021 - Private procurement
Project size : >3000 sqm
FCRBE partner : Rotor asbl
Project Owner : Neotoa
Deconstruction contractor : Elan Bâtisseur
Conception : 10i2la
Other actors : demolition contractor
Setting up a framework allowing contractors to be active in the reuse proces
Reusing an uncommon material on the reclamation market
Small scale reuse operations with a high potential of reproducibility
Simple and efficient
The project takes place in Lanester, in the region of Britany. The public building owner and the project manager had never done any reuse in their project ; but they showed a great motivation for the approachThe pilote operation relates to a 40 housing building demolition.
Save materials from waste by finding the good balance according to the territory capacities and reuse sector. Initiate the process and increase the skills of the stakholders in order to accelerate the change.
LANESTER - FR- 2021 – public procurement
Project Size : M
Type of procurement : public
Interreg FCRBE partner : Bellastock
Project Owner : Bretagne Sud Habitat
Project Manager : Armoën
Reuse operator : Armoën + Bellastock
Dismantling company : on going
A collective effort
A reclaim dealer needs to develop a tailor made technical protocol to facilitate the reuse of electrical switchboards In this purpose, the dealer triggers a collective work gathering many actors a reclamation dealer, a reuse expert, an electrical controller, a technical center and a lawyer specialized in construction law.
How to develop an appropriate technical protocol in order to get a product warranty. Without this warranty, the product cannot be accepted.
FR 2021 private procurement
Surface : 1900 sq.m
FCRBE coordinator : Bellastock + CSTB
reclaim dealer : Patxa’Ma
Dans le cadre d’un projet de construction de bâtiments de logements sociaux, le maître d’ouvrage et son maître d’oeuvre ont pour objectif de dédier 1% du budget des travaux aux activités de fourniture et d’installation de matériaux en réemploi.
Quels sont les scenari pour atteindre l’objectif de 1% réemploi ? Comment sélectionner les matériaux et identifier des sources d’approvisionnement ? Comment adapter la conception au réemploi ?
Aubervilliers (93) - FR - 2021 – marché public
Surface : 4 437 m2
Coordinateur FCRBE : Bellastock
Maître d’ouvrage : Immobilière 3F
Architecte : ITAR
Aménageur : Plaine Commune
Large scale reuse for a public square project
The Gare-Parc urban planning project aims to redesign the train station of Quimper and the surrounding pedestrian area. The public authorities wish to include circular economy in the development of the project.
Identifying suppliers able to provide sufficient quantities of reused materials for a long-term design process (2 years). Adapting to the unforeseeable reclamation market supplies in a large-scale project.
Cobblestones, borders, granite lintels, patio wood.
Quimper - FR - 2021 - Public procurement
Project size : < 40.000 sqm
FCRBE partner : Rotor asbl
Project Owner : QUBO (Quimper Bretagne Occidentale)
Conception : Agence Ter
Cultural urbanism : Cuesta
Déconstruction d’immeubles d’habitat collectif en vue du réemploi multi-sites des matériaux
Un bailleur social organise la déconstruction de plusieurs bâtiments de logements sociaux en vue d’un réemploi hors site. Pour permettre le réemploi, un travail de recherche de chantiers partenaires a été réalisé.
Quels lots de matériaux présentent un intérêt pour le réemploi? Comment trouver des débouchés pour les matériaux? Comment organiser le marché de deconstruction et stimuler la remise en oeuvre ultérieure des matériaux?
pierres de taille, briques d’ardoise, marches d’escalier, graviers, grilles métalliques, portes intérieures, sanitaires, éléments en bois.
Tours - FR - 2021- marché public
Surface : 16 000 m2
Coordinateur FCRBE : Bellastock
Maître d’ouvrage : Tours Habitat
Entreprise de démolition : Occamat
Entreprise du réemploi: La pierre de Jadis
Acteurs du réemploi : Petit Œuvre + Nexity, Parallèle architecture + Telim, 180°Architecture + La SET, Val Touraine Habitat, August Architectes...
Integrating reuse on a district scale
Within the framework of a multi actor
development project , the project owner plans the
integration of reuse in the various real estate
operations (new constructions, renovations ,
demolitions ) and the development of public
spaces in the district.
How can reuse be integrated at the scale of a city district?
Materials involved: bricks, paving stones, tiles, metal walkways , cast iron radiators , parquet floors , interior doors , sanitary facilities , carpets , concrete walls.
FCRBE in the press!
All press releases featuring FCRBE project are compiled in this section.
Rotor presented the work and first results of the FCRBE project in Lille, during the Forum dedicated to the wood construction Forum.
Article in French here.
The material sheets are highlighted in this article in French, available here.
For a long time too marginal, reuse frames, parquet floors or doors from construction sites becomes an economical solution and sustainable to preserve forests. Somes Bellastock and FCRBE examples are used.
Available in French here.
Highlight on the first Luxembourg digital platform dedicated to the reuse of construction materials.
Available in French here.
Intro : Construction and demolition activities generate a third of the waste produced by the European Union. Even if half of them are recycled, their recovery and their reuse are still too low. Beyond the obvious benefits for our planet, circular construction is also based on a new economic logic which must move away from the model of eternal growth that has become untenable. Meeting with Bruno Domange, Senior Environmental Engineer at the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST).
Available in French here.
The article talks about the 2 workshops that Embuild and Buildwise organised in March and April on collaboration and responsibility. 2 topics on which many questions remain unanswered for reuse entrepreneurs, the target group for these workshops.
You can find the article here.
Rotor did a long length interview with les cahiers d’espace suisse which resulted in a synopsis of deconstruction et reuse practices in Belgium and Europe, and where the FCRBE project plays a role today.
Highlight about the FCRBE project on a magazine called "Smart and Sustainable Construction".
Available in French here.
The october edition of this professional journal is dedicated to reuse of building elements.
In this article, Bellastock invites you to take an immersive walk through the reuse sectors, enhancing Opalis directory and one of the 36 pilot operations of FCRBE project in the city of Tours.
You can find the article here
This article in the Swiss magazine Tracé might answers these questions. This article was produced in the framework of the Forum "Bâtir et Planifier" happening on 1 November 2022 in Renan (CH), where Rotor will present the FCRBE Reuse Toolkit.
Read the full article (in French) here !
The Brussels Capital Region has been a great ally for the FCRBE project, supporting Rotor financially by covering part of its match fundings and by following the project development! The FCRBE project got also the chance to have a real impact on the Brussels Capital Region thanks to the involvement and work of Brussels Environment (Brussels public administration in charge of environmental affairs), one of the partners of the FCRBE project.
Read the mention in French (p.35) here!
As the FCRBE exhibition the 99% get the chance to travel and to meet the Polish audience this summer, the FCRBE project was also featured in the September issue of Architektura Murator, among other projects developed by Rotor.
The FCRBE Reuse Toolkit mentioned in the AMC magazine.
Issue #46 of NeoMag presents the project Material Sheets. Available online from: https://fr.calameo.com/read/0054587694fb7c97c378c (p. 68-69)
A clear introduction to the WP Capitalisation
Bellastock gives pride to FCRBE and Opalis through the pilot operation of the Rotor from Quimper station to Nantes, an interview with a company listed on Opalis, and a small insert at the end of the article on the FCRBE project.
You can find the article here.
Article on the webpage of the belgian public service broadcaster RTBF that mentions the FCRBE projet and some of its partners.
The FCRBE's guides to facilitate the practice of reuse in the building sector were presented in an article in the French magazine Le Moniteur.
"Written by the Belgian collective Rotor and the Bellastock architecture agency, the guide "Integrating reuse in large-scale projects and public contracts" has been available in French since the end of January on the website of the North-West Europe Interreg programme. The aim is to provide step-by-step guidance to project owners in defining their needs and using all the tools available to implement reuse in their operations."
36 practical sheets for the reuse of materials
Batiactu, a french website that gather information for the building professionals, talks about the FCRBE project and it's 36 practical sheets for the reuse of materials.
You can find the article here.
The 36 practical sheets are also promoted on a Website dedicated to architects at the following link.
Appearance of the Interreg FCRBE project in a magazine dedicated to wood building materials. Read it here.
Innovation and development of decarbonized industries, those are the subjects covered in an article of the last CTB Magazine.
The Interreg FCRBE project is mentioned as a recent inspiring innovation in the building sector.
Read the full article here.
"We have to find a way to create prosperity and added value not by the production of new goods but from the maintenance and management of existing goods,"
Read the full article here: https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20211215-the-buildings-made-from-rubbish
“Faire du réemploi une pratique commune dans la construction” par Jihen Jallouli I L’interview du mois, NOVABUILD
Multiple references to the FCRBE project in a special issue on reuse:
Multiple references to the FCRBE project in a special issue on reuse:
NL: Het stimuleren van hergebruik van bouwmaterialen (2 parts)
FR: Le projet FCRBE promeut et encourage le réemploi dans la construction
University of Brighton is quoted in the article ‘No Planet B’ in the 11 Years Column
"Il devient donc primordial pour les métiers de la construction de limiter la consommation des matières premières, d’anticiper les usages par la réversibilité et la modularité des systèmes constructifs et enfin d’intensifier le tri, le réemploi et la valorisation des déchets."
The latest academic publication from Solène Marry, Ph.D. in urban planning and coordinator of "Circular economy and innovation in the building industry" at the Building Department/Sustainable Cities and Territories Directorate of Ademe, the French Agency for Ecological Transition. Together with her team, she tackles the integration of the circular economy in our societies and more specifically in the construction sector.
The FCRBE project and its deliverables are mentioned.
Cortés, A. Vande Capelle, “Urban Mine Incorporation” in F. Heisel and D. E. Hebel (eds.), Urban Mining und kreislaufgerechtes Bauen. Die Stadt als Rohstofflager, Stuttgart: Fraunhofer IRB Verlag, 2021, p. 79-89.
Non-edited English version available online: http://rotordb.org/en/stories/urban-mine-inc
M. Vanderstraeten, Michael Ghyoot, Susie Naval, Gaspard Geerts, “Réemployer des matériaux de construction dans les marchés publics. Challenges et opportunités” in C. De Koninck, P. Flamey, P. Thiel, E. Hacke (eds.), Jaarboek over overheidsopdrachten/Chronique des marchés publics 2020-2021, Brussels: EBP Publishers, 2021, p. 599-616.
Rotor is a research group, design studio and consultancy. It aims at making the reuse of components an accessible option for building professionals. Rotor created and manages Opalis.be, a local online directory of reuse operators. In 2015, the work of Rotor was awarded the Global Award for Sustainable Architecture under the patronage of UNESCO. Rotor recently launched the spin-off RotorDC, an innovative reclamation activity focussing on interior finishings from post-war buildings.
The statutory members of Buildwise (previously the Belgian Building Research Institute, BBRI) include more than 90,000 Belgian construction companies, mostly SMEs. Buildwise's primary business involves performing scientific and technical research for the benefit of its members; supplying technical information, assistance and advice to its members; contributing to the general innovation and development in the construction sector by performing research upon the request of the industry and the authorities.
Bellastock is an experimental architecture organisation whose work focuses on the valorization of places and their material resources. Bellastock has experience with the reuse of building elements through demonstrative projects and national and European research programs. This has allowed them to provide technical assistance in more than 50 architectural projects.
BE is the public administration responsible for environment and energy in the Brussels Region. BE’s main mission is to survey the quality of air, water, soil, waste, noise and nature. BE is also responsible for defining strategic management plans for improving quality in above-mentioned fields and for launching awareness campaigns for citizens. Since 2008, BE has financed and coordinated the key projects that helped make Brussels a leader in the field of construction material reuse.
UTR is the local authority of Utrecht, a city in the geographical heart of the Netherlands , housing over 350,000 inhabitants and growing at a high speed. Utrecht’s strong and balanced economic profile, its investments for innovative companies, and efficiency of the labor market gained the Utrecht region the title of second most competitive region of the EU (2019). UTR is involved in multiple (EU) networks and projects (Interreg, URBACT) on CE, CE business-modelling and circular construction.
TU Delft is the oldest and largest technical university in the Netherlands. 8 faculties offer 16 bachelor's and more than 30 master's programmes for more than 25,000 students. The Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment at TU Delft educates students to become excellent architectural engineers: brings research and education closer together and has a broad research area, and has a strong international community with over 30% foreign Master's students and staff from 42 countries.
Embuild (previously called Construction Confederation) is the main business organisation, social partner and representative body of the construction industry in Belgium. More than 15000 contractors have joined Embuild, from craftsmen to global players, carrying out all forms of building and civil engineering activities. Embuild informs, supports, represents and promotes Belgian contractors at the local, national and international levels.
It has three regional entities for the three Belgian regions:
LIST is a Research and Technology Organization developing solutions with a focus on environmental innovation, digitization and advanced materials. LIST covers the entire innovation chain and is specialized in fundamental and applied scientific research, experimental development, incubation and transfer of new technologies as well as scientific policy support. LIST provides science-based support for environmental policies at national and EU level and gives regulatory support for RDI.
The University of Brighton (UoB) is a community of 21,000 students and 2,800 staff based on five campuses in the coastal cities/towns of Brighton. The UoB possesses a diverse and vibrant research community of over 400 research staff and 300 research students. The Research Excellence Framework (REF) 2014 ranked us 27 out of 128 universities for our world-leading research impact.
For more than 25 years, Salvo has been a key organisation for the development of the reuse sector, primarily in the UK. Salvo carries out several activities including: networking information and advising on the trade of reclaimed construction elements (e.g. via SalvoWEB and architectural salvage fairs); providing consultancy to the construction sector and public authorities on reuse practices; conducting pre-demolition audits; assisting with materials procurement; surveying the sector.
CSTB is the French national organisation providing research and innovation, consultancy, testing, training and certification services in the construction industry. The mission of the CSTB is to ensure the quality and safety of buildings, and to support innovation. The CSTB focuses on four key activities: research and consulting, assessment, certification and dissemination of knowledge. Its field of expertise covers construction products, buildings, and their integration into cities.
The Digital School of Re-construction (Digi-SoR-c) summer school ran for two weeks from Monday 2nd -13th August 2021.
Thank you to everyone who took part in the digital School of Re-construction Summer School. We feel that it was a fantastic success with a huge output of creativity and inspiring ideas from both students and Team Leaders alike. We are very pleased to announce that a publication of book on the Summer School by Routledge will be made available as online (open access) in 2024 and will be available in hard and softback too. If you want to know more please contact project co-ordinator Duncan Baker-Brown at D.Bakeremail@example.com.
The University of Brighton’s School of Architecture and Design are hosted a digital Summer School aimed at students from the worlds of design, architecture, construction and engineering. The digital School of Re-construction (SoR-c) considered concepts and propositional ideas that considered ways to re-use materials and elements from the built environment.
Our team at the University of Brighton includeds Anthony Roberts, Nick Gant, Dr Ryan Woodard, Siobhan O’Dowd and was led by senior lecturer and architect Duncan Baker-Brown best known for coordinating the building of the Brighton Waste House, “Europe’s first permanent building made of materials other people discarded”.
To access the School of Re-Construction website which includes either recordings of all public discussions, keynotes and other recorded events or pdfs of presentations please click on the links below:
From left to right: Duncan Baker-Brown, Antony Roberts, Lucy-Ann Gilbert, Nick Gant, Dr. Ryan Woodard, Siobhan O'Dowd.
The SoR-c team were joined (online) by partners from across North-West Europe*, including re-use experts Rotor from Belgium, and Bellastock from France, who are deconstructing the 59-storey Montparnasse Tower in Paris.
The School of Re-construction is part of an EU ERDF €4.33million Interreg NWE project entitled, ‘Facilitating the Circulation of Reclaimed Building Elements’ (FCRBE) which runs from 2019 to 2022. It will deliver, among others:
- An online directory of more than 1500 specialised salvage dealers and allied businesses in North-West Europe.
- A pre-demolition 'tool kit' designed to help clients assess the re-use potential of materials and products present in buildings slated for demolition.
- A specifications manual to help construction professionals integrate reclaimed building materials and products in large-scale projects.
- Test and promote tools through 36 pilot operations taking place in large (de)-construction projects across North-West Europe.
*North-West Europe includes Ireland, United Kingdom, Belgium, Luxembourg, France, Germany, Switzerland and the Netherlands.
Topic 2021: Re-think Re-Use
Digital School of Re-construction 2021
Over 70 students from different regions across the world worked in teams with designers and makers to re-think and re-use, through the re-construction of disassembled materials, to create a series of thought-provoking digital design interventions, that endeavored to prove that “there’s no such thing as waste, just stuff in the wrong place!”
Drawing on the partners and work of the Interreg FCRBE project the Summer School included discussions and debates on topics relating to urban mining, resource mapping, deconstruction, re-use, and buildings as material banks.
Drawing from their immediate environment’s, each participant surveyed a chosen artefact, room, or building with a view to digitally unpacking and deconstructing them. Each of the eleven teams created their own digital library; to be shared, interrogated, understood and re-imagined as a ‘new’ proposition.
Since the rise of modernity, design usually precedes construction. Consequently, designers generally develop their projects around standardized, stable and predictable construction products or they order specialised production of bespoke elements that will match their requirements. In essence, reclaimed products are the exact opposite of this: they are largely heterogeneous, unpredictable, and situated. In this sense, they question the habits of designers.
We tackled this question by challenging each team to design and realise a small construction out of reclaimed elements in response to one of the workshop themes as detailed below.
These themes posed questions and provided a particular ‘lens’ for re-structuring elements that are usually discarded or re-worked. Each team had an array of digitally reclaimed elements sourced from across the Interreg FCRBE region to choose and experiment with.
All these realisations are small living laboratories that allowed one to have direct experience with these challenges. The two-week-long workshop culminated in a carefully curated online exhibition of these experimental design interventions.
The following themes were read as specific ‘lenses’ through which participants looked at their particular ‘libraries of elements’. Please note that in some cases they were slightly adapted depending on what was surveyed and collected by each of the teams taking part.
Theme 1 THE RAW:
The aim of re-use that will be explored, is how to effect a new condition by NOT altering, or ‘re-cooking’, the materials gained by reclamation. By working with the dismantled elements in their ‘raw’, or unaltered form – what are the possibilities of reconfiguring them into new, spatial and material combinations?
Theme 2 THE ‘USELESS’:
Materials deemed ‘useless’ are often cheap, can be found in abundance and as a result, are often discarded as not worthy of consideration. How can we make these rejected elements useful and desirable for construction?
Theme 3 THE BY-PRODUCT:
Materials that exist as a by-product of conventional modes of production can often be overlooked and ignored. How can they become one of the re-fashioned and delivered as a newly envisioned focus that supports the act of re-use?
Theme 4 THE HYBRID:
Systems and materials are often standardised and configured in conflicting or unaccommodating arrays of sizes and shapes, which generates more waste. How can they be combined to create new, workable relationships through the crude use of montage?
Theme 5 THE ‘OFF-CUT’:
The off-cut is notoriously known for being ‘not quite long enough’. By only utilising these awkward materials the question again arises, how can these usually discarded elements be re-examined and re-combined to form workable structures and envelopes that might not conform to the notion of the standard?
A book on the Summer School is being published by Routledge, when it is available as an open access document it will be available here.
For further information please contact: project co-ordinator Duncan Baker-Brown at D.Bakerfirstname.lastname@example.org